Fix garbled message text

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Ideas on how to fix garbled message text[edit]

  1. Possible cause
    • Encoding issue: Choose the correct the language/encode of message text or auto detect the encode by tools
    • PHP utf8_encode() & utf8_decode()
  2. (optional) convert the current encode to UTF-8
  3. (optional) Making text wrap to window size


Possible approaches to encode the message text:

Approach Goal Is Chinese text garbled/encoded? Sample text before encoded or after encoded
JavaScript encodeURIComponent()

JavaScript decodeURIComponent()[1]
"converts characters into a format that can be transmitted over the Internet ... " Cited from w3schools TRUE
  • before: http://www.中文網址.tw/my test.asp?name=ståle&car=saab
  • after: http%3A%2F%2Fwww.%E4%B8%AD%E6%96%87%E7%B6%B2%E5%9D%80.tw%2Fmy%20test.asp%3Fname%3Dst%C3%A5le%26car%3Dsaab
URL Decoder/Encoder[2] (same as above) TRUE (same as above)
PHP: json_encode

PHP: json_decode
Save array in mysql database TRUE
  • before: array("作者" => "馬克吐溫", "名言" => "\"To a man with a hammer, everything looks like a nail.\" He said.");
  • after: {"\u4f5c\u8005":"\u99ac\u514b\u5410\u6eab","\u540d\u8a00":"\"To a man with a hammer, everything looks like a nail.\" He said."}
PHP: serialize

PHP: unserialize
Save array in mysql database FALSE
  • before: array("作者" => "馬克吐溫", "名言" => "\"To a man with a hammer, everything looks like a nail.\" He said.");
  • after: a:2:{s:6:"作者";s:12:"馬克吐溫";s:6:"名言";s:64:""To a man with a hammer, everything looks like a nail." He said.";}
PHP: htmlentities[1]

PHP: html_entity_decode
Replace reserved characters e.g. double quote symbol FALSE
  • before: 馬克吐溫名言 "To a man with a hammer, everything looks like a nail."
  • after: 馬克吐溫名言 "To a man with a hammer, everything looks like a nail."

Other functions

Ways to fix garbled message text[edit]

ConvertZ v.8.02[edit]

  • choose encode: manually (mainly in Asia language)
  • convert to UTF-8: available
  • convert to big5 from UTF-8: available Icon exclaim.gif the wording may be changed by the software ex: 余美人 -> 於美人
  • allow to wrap long text: available

EmEditor v.14.3.1 ($)[edit]

Google Chrome v.10 (viewer)[edit]

  • choose encode: manually and auto-detect
  • allow to wrap long text: available (auto) Good!

MadEdit v.0.2.9.1[edit]

  • choose encode: manually and auto-detect Good!
  • convert to UTF-8: available
  • allow to wrap long text: available

Microsoft Internet Explorer v.8 (viewer)[edit]

  • choose encode: manually and auto-detect
  • allow to wrap long text:

Microsoft notepad (記事本) for Windows[edit]

method 1: Err: 解決用記事本(notepad)開啟簡體字txt檔,出現亂碼的問題(2010): notepad + Notepad++

  • choose encode: manually
  • convert to UTF-8: available by Notepad++
  • allow to wrap long text: available


method 2: Microsoft AppLocale 公用程式(patched: piaip pAppLocale) + notepad

  • choose encode: manually
  • convert to UTF-8: not available
  • allow to wrap long text: available

Microsoft Office Word 2003 ($)[edit]

  • choose encode: manually
  • convert to UTF-8: available
  • allow to wrap long text: available

Mozilla Firefox v.3.6 (viewer)[edit]

javascript:(function() { var D = document; F(D.body); function F(n) { var u, r, c, x; if (n.nodeType == 3) { u = n.data.search(/\S{45}/); if (u >= 0) { r = n.splitText(u + 45); n.parentNode.insertBefore(D.createElement('wbr'), r); } } else if ((n.tagName != 'STYLE') && (n.tagName != 'SCRIPT')) { for (c = 0; x = n.childNodes[c]; ++c) { F(x); } } } D.body.innerHTML += ' '; })();


Notepad++ v.5.8[edit]

  • choose encode: manually
  • convert to UTF-8: available
  • allow to wrap long text: available


not supported at this moment[edit]

further reading[edit]

references

  1. urlencode - How to Encode URL Contains Unicode Characters with PHP - Stack Overflow
  2. PHP urlencode()